Herbs and Spices

Beef

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
AniseedThe flavor resembles licorice,
fennel, and tarragon. Mainly found in ground form.
BasilSweet, sunny, leafy, and fresh flavor.  Can be used fresh or in dried form.
Bay LeavesWoodsy, somewhat pungent, and minty flavor.  Remove leaves before serving.
Celery SeedThe flavor is stronger than that of celery in vegetable form.  Sold ground.
ClovesSimilar to cinnamon, with a stronger flavor. Sold whole and ground. Bitter when whole.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage.
Sold whole or ground.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
CurryA blend of up to 20 different herbs and spices. Comes in varying
degrees of hotness.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or
ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be
found fresh, dried, or powdered.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MarjoramMuch like oregano, but sweeter and sharper. Dried or ground.
MustardSharp, pungent, and hot. Sold as
seeds or ground.
OreganoWarm, slightly bitter taste. Can
be bought fresh or dried. Often more flavorful dried.
ParsleyFresh, mild herbal flavor. Italian used for cooking, curly leaf for garnish.
Buy fresh.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of
sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor
can overpower.
SageMint or peppery flavor, slightly
bitter. Found dried or fresh, leaf or ground.

Breads & Grains

AniseedThe flavor resembles licorice, fennel, and tarragon. Mainly found in ground form.
BasilSweet, sunny, leafy, and fresh flavor.  Can be used fresh or in dried form.
Bay LeavesWoodsy, somewhat pungent, and minty flavor.  Remove leaves before serving.
CarawayCombines the taste of anise and dill.  Sharp, smoky taste.
CardamomAromatic and sweet. Often used in the same way as allspice.  Sold ground or whole.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
DillSeeds are a Spice; Leaves are an Herb; Tangy, strong flavor. Best when fresh, leaves may be dried.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be found fresh, dried, or powdered.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MaceLike nutmeg, but more powerful. Adds fragrance. Often found ground.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor can overpower.
ThymeVivid and earthy flavor, but not overpowering. Available in fresh and dried form.

Desserts & Sweets

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
AniseedThe flavor resembles licorice,
fennel, and tarragon. Mainly found in ground form.
CardamomAromatic and sweet. Often used in the same way as allspice.  Sold ground or whole.
CinnamonSweet and warm flavor.  Sold in sticks and ground.
ClovesSimilar to cinnamon, with a stronger flavor. Sold whole and ground. Bitter when whole.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage.
Sold whole or ground.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MaceLike nutmeg, but more powerful. Adds fragrance. Often found ground.
MintSweet, menthol flavor. Best used fresh, though can be dried. Oils and
extracts also used.
NutmegSimilar to mace, but sweeter.
Best when ground fresh, but often sold dried and ground.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of
sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.

Fish & Seafood

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
AniseedThe flavor resembles licorice,
fennel, and tarragon. Mainly found in ground form.
BasilSweet, sunny, leafy, and fresh flavor.  Can be used fresh or in dried form.
Bay LeavesWoodsy, somewhat pungent, and minty flavor.  Remove leaves before serving.
CayenneA pepper, the hottest of all ground spices.  Hot and spicy. Great in a lot of southern dishes.
Celery SeedThe flavor is stronger than that of celery in vegetable form.  Sold ground.
CilantroZesty and pungent.  Also known as Coriander Leaves. Only available fresh.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage.
Sold whole or ground.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
CurryA blend of up to 20 different herbs and spices. Comes in varying
degrees of hotness.
DillSeeds are a Spice; Leaves are an Herb; Tangy, strong flavor. Best when fresh,
leaves may be dried.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or
ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be
found fresh, dried, or powdered.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MaceLike nutmeg, but more powerful. Adds fragrance. Often found ground.
MarjoramMuch like oregano, but sweeter and sharper. Dried or ground.
MintSweet, menthol flavor. Best used fresh, though can be dried. Oils and
extracts also used.
MustardSharp, pungent, and hot. Sold as
seeds or ground.
OreganoWarm, slightly bitter taste. Can
be bought fresh or dried. Often more flavorful dried.
PaprikaRanges from mild to hot. Made
from grinding dried bell or chili peppers.
ParsleyFresh, mild herbal flavor. Italian used for cooking, curly leaf for garnish.
Buy fresh.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of
sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor
can overpower.
SageMint or peppery flavor, slightly
bitter. Found dried or fresh, leaf or ground.
TarragonStrong licorice or lemon flavor,
much like anise.
ThymeVivid and earthy flavor, but not
overpowering. Available in fresh and dried form.
TurmericPeppery, warm and bitter flavor.
Most common as a powder, but can be found fresh.

Fruits

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
AniseedThe flavor resembles licorice, fennel, and tarragon. Mainly found in ground form.
CinnamonSweet and warm flavor.  Sold in sticks and ground.
ClovesSimilar to cinnamon, with a stronger flavor. Sold whole and ground. Bitter when whole.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MaceLike nutmeg, but more powerful. Adds fragrance. Often found ground.
MintSweet, menthol flavor. Best used fresh, though can be dried. Oils and extracts also used.
NutmegSimilar to mace, but sweeter. Best when ground fresh, but often sold dried and ground.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
TarragonStrong licorice or lemon flavor, much like anise.

Marinades, Sauces & Chutney

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
AniseedThe flavor resembles licorice, fennel, and tarragon. Mainly found in ground form.
BasilSweet, sunny, leafy, and fresh flavor.  Can be used fresh or in dried form.
Bay LeavesWoodsy, somewhat pungent, and minty flavor.  Remove leaves before serving.
CayenneA pepper, the hottest of all ground spices.  Hot and spicy. Great in a lot of southern dishes.
Celery SeedThe flavor is stronger than that of celery in vegetable form.  Sold ground.
ChivesMild onion flavor. Can be found freeze-dried, but often served fresh.
CilantroZesty and pungent.  Also known as Coriander Leaves. Only available fresh.
CinnamonSweet and warm flavor.  Sold in sticks and ground.
ClovesSimilar to cinnamon, with a stronger flavor. Sold whole and ground. Bitter when whole.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage. Sold whole or ground.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be found fresh, dried, or powdered.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MaceLike nutmeg, but more powerful. Adds fragrance. Often found ground.
MarjoramMuch like oregano, but sweeter and sharper. Dried or ground.
MintSweet, menthol flavor. Best used fresh, though can be dried. Oils and extracts also used.
MustardSharp, pungent, and hot. Sold as seeds or ground.
NutmegSimilar to mace, but sweeter. Best when ground fresh, but often sold dried and ground.
OreganoWarm, slightly bitter taste. Can be bought fresh or dried. Often more flavorful dried.
PaprikaRanges from mild to hot. Made from grinding dried bell or chili peppers.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor can overpower.
SageMint or peppery flavor, slightly bitter. Found dried or fresh, leaf or ground.
TarragonStrong licorice or lemon flavor, much like anise.
ThymeVivid and earthy flavor, but not overpowering. Available in fresh and dried form.
TurmericPeppery, warm and bitter flavor. Most common as a powder, but can be found fresh.

Pork

CarawayCombines the taste of anise and dill.  Sharp, smoky taste.
Celery SeedThe flavor is stronger than that of celery in vegetable form.  Sold ground.
CilantroZesty and pungent.  Also known as Coriander Leaves. Only available fresh.
CinnamonSweet and warm flavor.  Sold in sticks and ground.
ClovesSimilar to cinnamon, with a stronger flavor. Sold whole and ground. Bitter when whole.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage.
Sold whole or ground.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or
ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be
found fresh, dried, or powdered.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MarjoramMuch like oregano, but sweeter and sharper. Dried or ground.
MustardSharp, pungent and hot. Sold as
seeds or ground.
OreganoWarm, slightly bitter taste. Can
be bought fresh or dried. Often more flavorful dried.
PaprikaRanges from mild to hot. Made
from grinding dried bell or chili peppers.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of
sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor
can overpower.
SageMint or peppery flavor, slightly
bitter. Found dried or fresh, leaf or ground.
ThymeVivid and earthy flavor, but not
overpowering. Available in fresh and dried form.

Poultry

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
BasilSweet, sunny, leafy, and fresh flavor.  Can be used fresh or in dried form.
Bay LeavesWoodsy, somewhat pungent, and minty flavor.  Remove leaves before serving.
CarawayCombines the taste of anise and dill.  Sharp, smoky taste.
CayenneA pepper, the hottest of all ground spices.  Hot and spicy. Great in a lot of southern dishes.
Celery SeedThe flavor is stronger than that of celery in vegetable form.  Sold ground.
ChivesMild onion flavor. Can be found freeze-dried, but often served fresh.
CilantroZesty and pungent.  Also known as Coriander Leaves. Only available fresh.
ClovesSimilar to cinnamon, with a stronger flavor. Sold whole and ground. Bitter when whole.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage. Sold whole or ground.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
CurryA blend of up to 20 different herbs and spices. Comes in varying degrees of hotness.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be found fresh, dried, or powdered.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MaceLike nutmeg, but more powerful. Adds fragrance. Often found ground.
MarjoramMuch like oregano, but sweeter and sharper. Dried or ground.
MustardSharp, pungent, and hot. Sold as seeds or ground.
OreganoWarm, slightly bitter taste. Can be bought fresh or dried. Often more flavorful dried.
PaprikaRanges from mild to hot. Made from grinding dried bell or chili peppers.
ParsleyFresh, mild herbal flavor. Italian used for cooking, curly leaf for garnish. Buy fresh.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor
can overpower.
SageMint or peppery flavor, slightly
bitter. Found dried or fresh, leaf or ground.
TarragonStrong licorice or lemon flavor,
much like anise.
ThymeVivid and earthy flavor, but not
overpowering. Available in fresh and dried form.
TurmericPeppery, warm and bitter flavor.
Most common as a powder, but can be found fresh.

Soups & Stews

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
AniseedThe flavor resembles licorice, fennel, and tarragon. Mainly found in ground form.
BasilSweet, sunny, leafy, and fresh flavor.  Can be used fresh or in dried form.
Bay LeavesWoodsy, somewhat pungent, and minty flavor.  Remove leaves before serving.
CarawayCombines the taste of anise and dill.  Sharp, smoky taste.
CardamomAromatic and sweet. Often used in the same way as allspice.  Sold ground or whole.
CayenneA pepper, the hottest of all ground spices.  Hot and spicy. Great in a lot of southern dishes.
Celery SeedThe flavor is stronger than that of celery in vegetable form.  Sold ground.
ChivesMild onion flavor. Can be found freeze-dried, but often served fresh.
CilantroZesty and pungent.  Also known as Coriander Leaves. Only available fresh.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage. Sold whole or ground.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
CurryA blend of up to 20 different herbs and spices. Comes in varying degrees of hotness.
DillSeeds are a Spice; Leaves are an Herb; Tangy, strong flavor. Best when fresh, leaves may be dried.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be found fresh, dried, or powdered.
MarjoramMuch like oregano, but sweeter and sharper. Dried or ground.
NutmegSimilar to mace, but sweeter. Best when ground fresh, but often sold dried and ground.
OreganoWarm, slightly bitter taste. Can be bought fresh or dried. Often more flavorful dried.
PaprikaRanges from mild to hot. Made from grinding dried bell or chili peppers.
ParsleyFresh, mild herbal flavor. Italian used for cooking, curly leaf for garnish. Buy fresh.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor can overpower.
SageMint or peppery flavor, slightly bitter. Found dried or fresh, leaf or ground.
TarragonStrong licorice or lemon flavor, much like anise.
ThymeVivid and earthy flavor, but not overpowering. Available in fresh and dried form.

Vegetables

AllspiceSeveral spices including cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves.  Sold ground.
BasilSweet, sunny, leafy, and fresh flavor.  Can be used fresh or in dried form.
CarawayCombines the taste of anise and dill.  Sharp, smoky taste.
CardamomAromatic and sweet. Often used in the same way as allspice.  Sold ground or whole.
CayenneA pepper, the hottest of all ground spices.  Hot and spicy. Great in a lot of southern dishes.
Celery SeedThe flavor is stronger than that of celery in vegetable form.  Sold ground.
ChivesMild onion flavor. Can be found freeze-dried, but often served fresh.
CilantroZesty and pungent.  Also known as Coriander Leaves. Only available fresh.
CinnamonSweet and warm flavor.  Sold in sticks and ground.
ClovesSimilar to cinnamon, with a stronger flavor. Sold whole and ground. Bitter when whole.
CorianderSomewhere between sweet and spicy, like a blend of lemon and sage. Sold whole or ground.
CuminBold and pleasantly hot.  Can be found in seed form or ground.
CurryA blend of up to 20 different herbs and spices. Comes in varying degrees of hotness.
DillSeeds are a Spice; Leaves are an Herb; Tangy, strong flavor. Best when fresh, leaves may be dried.
FennelMild licorice flavor, but sweeter than anise. Can be found whole or ground.
GarlicPungent and sweet. Can be found fresh, dried, or powdered.
GingerFragrant, hot-sweet flavor. Sold fresh in root form, or dried/ground.
MaceLike nutmeg, but more powerful. Adds fragrance. Often found ground.
MarjoramMuch like oregano, but sweeter and sharper. Dried or ground.
MustardSharp, pungent, and hot. Sold as seeds or ground.
NutmegSimilar to mace, but sweeter. Best when ground fresh, but often sold dried and ground.
OreganoWarm, slightly bitter taste. Can be bought fresh or dried. Often more flavorful dried.
PaprikaRanges from mild to hot. Made from grinding dried bell or chili peppers.
ParsleyFresh, mild herbal flavor. Italian used for cooking, curly leaf for garnish. Buy fresh.
PepperSlightly hot with a hint of sweetness. Sold whole, cracked, and ground.
RosemarySomewhat sweet, piney flavor. Leaves are used fresh and dried. Flavor can overpower.
TarragonStrong licorice or lemon flavor, much like anise.
ThymeVivid and earthy flavor, but not overpowering. Available in fresh and dried form.